ged science study guide

A Comprehensive GED Science Study Guide In 2023

Do you want to ace your GED Science test? Do you need helpful preparation for the exam? As a result, this GED Science Study Guide is perfect for you!

January 1, 2022

Do you want to ace your GED Science exam? Do you require effective exam preparation? As a result, this GED Science Study Guide is ideal for you! We’ll go over what a GED Science Test is and what it entails. Then we’ll go over frequently asked questions about the Science Test, as well as some study tips and tricks to help you ace your exam!

What’s on the GED Science Test?

The GED Science test consists of 50 questions in total, most of which are written in multiple-choice format. You will be given a total of 80 minutes for this section of the test, so you must plan your time wisely if you want to do well.

Like other GED exams, to get a passing score, you have to achieve a 145 or higher score. Questions are formatted in variety, multiple-choice, drop-down, and short answers are examples.

Due to so many areas of science, focusing on understanding science texts, tables, charts, and graphs; how science experiments and studies are designed; and scientific theories or processes. In addition, you should practice concluding data and evaluating other people’s conclusions. Moreover, comparing and evaluating multiple conclusions, sets of data, or theories.

Earth and Space Science 

Astronomy and geology are two special disciplines that come under space and Earth science. This subject’s questions will test your knowledge of Earth’s systems and structure, as well as the solar system, stars, and other important celestial bodies.

Physical Science 

Physical science translates into the discipline of physics. You will demonstrate your knowledge of how motion works in relation to the gravitational pull of the Earth in this section. You will be asked to answer questions on determinable traits such as speed and velocity. As a result, Physical Science questions may require some mathematical calculation on this part. 

Life Science

Life science is in line with biology and its related subjects. You will be required to demonstrate your knowledge of Earth’s ecological systems and how living beings function and thrive within them. You may also be required to answer a few questions regarding human biology, particularly in relation to one of two supplementary subjects included on the test.

Energy and Related Systems

The ‘Energy and Related Systems’ section of the test covers the properties of energy, such as how various systems (both within the solar system and on Earth) use energy, how energy varies depending on how it is used, and where energy comes from. This subject will be reflected in questions in both Physical Science and Earth and Space Science.

Human Health and Living Systems

Questions under the ‘Human Health and Living Systems’ umbrella address the complex relationship that exists between humans and their environment. You will be required to understand a variety of biological subjects, including hereditary properties, DNA, evolution, and how illnesses develop and evolve. You’ll also need some anatomical knowledge, particularly about the human form and the various systems inside it that help our bodies function properly.

ged science study guide
GED Science study guide


GED Science Study Guide

In this GED Science Study Guide, we will answer all your confusion as well as tips and tricks for this topic. Take our free GED Science practice test to get ready for your GED Science section now!

Is the GED science test hard?

If you are not prepared well for the GED Science Test, it will be challenging for you. So how to prepare in the best way? In the following, we give you some quick tips:

First, study reading. Because you’ll have trouble answering the questions if you have trouble reading what’s on the science test.

In the GED Science Test, there are a lot of questions that will ask you about science experiments so you should learn about science experiments and studies.

In addition, there will definitely be charts, graphs, and tables on the test so focus on learning to read and understand data, tables, charts, and graphs.

It will help a lot if you know the notation for atoms and molecules, measurements such as kilometer or joule, and terms like a momentum so let’s start with learning science symbols and words.

Because many science processes can be shown in diagrams if you can understand a science diagram, that will help you get a higher score so practice with diagrams!

If you have a good online prep course or GED science book should help you learn conveniently.

Read more >> GED Language Arts Study Guide In 2023

How many questions are on the GED science test?

There are around questions on the GED Science Test, but it can vary based on the test you have to get.  Normally, life science accounts for about 16 questions, physical accounts for 16 questions, and 8 questions on space science.

How many questions can you get wrong on the GED science test?

The GED Science test has about 40 questions, and to get the passing score, you will achieve a score between 100 and 200. It means that you don’t need to get every question right on the GED test, you only need to score 145 to pass (or 150 in New Jersey).

How long is the GED science test?

In general, the GED Science Test lasts 90 minutes with no break. That means that you have an hour and a half per test and just over 2 minutes per question. Therefore you have to take the exam carefully and quickly as well.

How can I pass my science test?

The GED Science Test is not difficult to pass but it is quite stressful for candidates about the time limit because they just have 2 minutes per question. Passing the exam depends not only on your hard work but also on a number of skills which are reading, math, and of course science. By the way, studying reading and math first, and then try the test, you’ll get some starting skills.

Read our GED Science study guide, then take the available GED science practice tests on this website to familiarize yourself with the test format.

You should have to focus on the following skills:

  • Read and understand tables, charts, and graphs thoroughly.
  • Read and understand science experiments and studies, containing seeing flaws in how studies are designed.
  • Come to conclusions by using data and then compare data and evidence.

These three things if you can do you could have great performance on your GED Science test!  

Where can I take the GED science practice test?

A great first step to see what’s on the test and what you need to study is taking a practice test! Let’s take a FREE GED Science Practice Test online today, you can find it HERE!

Are there Commonly Missed Questions?

Your preparedness determines the difficulty of the questions on the science test. If you don’t study enough, you will meet the hardest questions on the tests. The best way to study is taking a practice exam, spend more time on the topics that you fall short of, then take the practice test, again and again, to ensure you understand thoroughly. 

ged science study guide
GED science study guide

GED Science Tips and Tricks

If you’re not used to reading about science and looking at data, the GED Science Test can be difficult. The best method for practicing GED Science is to find a science program that is suitable for each person. Applying a variety of science skills is more effective than learning details about life science, physical science, or Earth and space science. We will give some tips to get you started in the following.

Study Reading and Math

You have to apply both reading and math in Science tests. Having a good background in GED reading and math first will help you with many areas of the GED Science Test such as reading charts and graphs and interpreting data, using formulas, understanding evidence and logic, reading science texts and understanding new vocabulary and reading and math are foundational skills for science. It’s best to have a good foundation first!

Take the GED Science Practice Test

The best method to begin practicing for the GED science test is taking a practice test. It not only gives you experience with the types of questions but also tells you what topics and how much you have to meet in a real test. You can take our free GED practice test 2023 for all GED topics on our website. Let’s start! 

Study More Quickly and Effectively

Indeed, you have to understand some science for the science test. Some parts of the test are reading and math (in particular is data), so how to get the science knowledge you need in the best way:

First, pay attention to scientific theories, formulas, how studies are designed, and how experiments were done. That will gradually give you the background for reading about science topics and texts.

Second, you should make and organize your own notes. The more you organize and revise notes in your own words, the better you’ll get information. Besides, you should also make your own diagrams of scientific processes and make your own outlines of the texts that you can read easily.

Third, you should make sure that you understand the vocabulary because the science test has a lot of unfamiliar words and phrases. So you have to study prefixes, suffixes, and roots that can help you take the test quickly. In addition, you can make flashcards or a vocabulary in your own words.

Last but not least, you must study every day preferably. You should learn a little bit every day better than studying for a large chunk once a week. You’ll remember the ideas better if you study before you go to sleep.

Learn Some GED Science Formulas

There are some helpful formulas and equations to be familiar with for the GED science test. You’ll need to work with data, like finding the mean, median, or range competently. Memorizing physics formulas is not obligatory, but it is useful to be familiar with the physics concepts. Besides, you also need to know how to use formulas to find unknown values. 

  • Distance Travelled distance = rate × time
  • Velocity (Speed) velocity = change in distance ÷ change in time
  • Acceleration = change in velocity ÷ change in time
  • Momentum momentum = mass × velocity
  • Weight = mass × gravity

Learn about Science Studies and Experiments

Getting familiar with the ideas in scientific studies and experiments is a good method to improve your score. 

Read the Text, Examine the Graphics

In the GED Science Test, the science text is about applying your skills to the text and graphics on the text. The key to the answer is in the text and graphics most of the time. So let’s try the following strategies:

  • First, read the question, and find the keywords you need to.
  • Carefully read the text or examine the graphic and look for the relevant information to answer the questions.
  • Before reading the text, read through the answer choices and find out the one that best reflects what you read about in the text or data.
  • Go back to the text to check if you’re not sure.

Use Good Test-Taking Skills

First, you can remove wrong answers. If you’re not sure of an answer, eliminate all the wrong answers first then pick the last correct answer.

In addition, it is good if you have a system for guessing. It’s essential to select the answer for every question. If you have a system for whenever you need to guess, such as always selecting the first answer that you can’t eliminate, you will have better results than your intuition.

It’s very important to answer every question. If there is a short answer question, let’s attempt your best to write an answer. If there is a fill-in-the-blank, write something even if it is just a guess. Answer all multiple-choice questions. For guessing, you will never lose points.

Make Diagrams

The science test consists of many processes and physical structures. So attempt to make your own diagrams to know some important areas of science easily. You could make your diagrams to show or explain:

  • Photosynthesis
  • Cell Structure
  • DNA
  • The Water Cycle
  • The Carbon Cycle
  • The Structure of Planet Earth
  • The Solar System
  • Ecosystems (Energy Pyramid, Food Web, Food Chain)
  • The Nitrogen Cycle
  • The Oxygen Cycle
  • Erosion

Learn Your Elements

In the GED Science test, the symbols can be unfamiliar. You will almost certainly come across symbols for elements or molecules in the text. Study what the symbols for common elements and molecules are and what those symbols imply. 

Focus on Evidence and Data

Evidence and data are a vital part of the GED Science Test. You should be able to:

  • Read, interpret, and from charts, graphs, and tables of data draw conclusions 
  • Compare ideas or sets of data and understand how they’re related
  • Check whether the data supports an idea or hypothesis
  • In charts, graphs, and tables, find out trends and relationships in the data

A good place to start studying is our free online GED Science practice test and our GED Study Guide! It will help you find out what you need to study first. Let’s practice now!