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What ideology best describes Jefferson’s political philosophy?

A Republicanism

Jefferson was a key leader in the Republican Party, which emphasized individual freedom and state’s rights, and sought to minimize government control. This was in opposition to the Federalist Party which argued that a strong central government was necessary. Because Jefferson describes good government as one that “leave[s] [men] free to regulate their own pursuits of industry,” he can be described as Republican; he clearly favors a government with minimal involvement in citizen affairs.